Human Factors and Product Liability: Issues of the Present and Future
Human Factors is defined as the capabilities and limitations of people as they interact with their environment. In other words, Human Factors expertise can help explain the behaviors and abilities of the parties involved in any incident and can also help
in the development of products and enhancement of usability and safety. This COMPLIMENTARY webinar will discuss the application of Human Factors principles to the investigation and analysis of transportation incidents (including automobiles, trucks,
bicycles, pedestrians) and consumer products (design, development, injuries, warnings, instructions, and training). We will also discuss emerging vehicle technologies and corresponding human issues that come along with these developing technologies.
By understanding the role and influence of attention, cognition, vision and behavior of individuals, Human Factors practitioners can offer invaluable insight to the development of technology design as well as the analysis of operator behavior. Anyone
involved in litigation, incident investigation, or the product development process will benefit from participating.
David M. Cades, Ph.D. is Principal Scientist, Human Factors with Exponent in Chicago. Dr. Cades specializes in human factors investigations of vehicle and aircraft operator behavior, including perception response time,
visual perception, nighttime visibility, and distractions and has investigated the effects of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and highly automated vehicles (HAVs) on driver behavior. He also has expertise in the evaluation
and development of warnings and instructions for a wide range of consumer and industrial products. He utilizes his background in human factors and usability testing to support his work in these areas. He received his Ph.D. in Human
Factors and Applied Cognition from George Mason University in 2011.
At Exponent, Dr. Cades has investigated vehicle operator behavior of automobiles, commercial trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, and aircraft. He has evaluated the
adequacy of warnings on products and in their manuals and he has applied his experience to projects involving safety- and health- related user behaviors of industrial equipment, kitchen appliances, video game entertainment systems,
consumer electronics, sports and recreation equipment, home theater products, and personal protective equipment.
Dr. Cades has expertise in the testing and analysis of how interruptions and distractions affect performance. He
has investigated the negative effects of distractions in environments, including, but not limited to, driving, aviation, healthcare, offices, and classrooms. He has applied this knowledge to see how distractions can cause errors that
lead to accidents. With respect to aviation, specifically, he has collected over forty hours of data from airline pilots performing safety critical flight tasks with interruptions and distractions. Dr. Cades has performed on-road evaluation
of ADAS including auto-braking, collision mitigation and warning, blind spot indication, and lane departure warning.
Dr. Cades also has expertise in evaluating and designing graphical user interfaces including devices for use
in automobiles and aircraft. He has previously been employed in the field of usability and user experience digital product design. He has investigated the effects of manual and voice-activated infotainment devices in automobiles. He
also designed a dashboard display to assist drivers in maintaining safe speeds while driving in adverse conditions and explored how aging and glare affect people's driving ability. For commercial aircraft, he has worked with pilots,
air traffic controllers, and airline operations in support of FAA's NextGen initiative.
In Dr. Cades's graduate work, he has utilized and presented on various statistical methods and has authored papers on driver behavior with
respect to in-vehicle displays and devices, flight deck performance with novel systems and interruptions, the effects of glare on human vision, how attributes of interruptions affect task performance, ways to improve how people handle
distractions, interruptions' effects in different environments, and various statistical approaches for predicting and understanding research outcomes.
||Christian Hoyos, Ph.D. is Senior Scientist, Human Factors with Exponent in Chicago. Dr. Hoyos specializes in the study of cognitive development and information processing. His research has investigated the cognitive mechanisms
that underlie learning and reasoning, as well as the environmental factors that can facilitate information processing. He has extensive experience in human subjects testing with both children and adults. He currently applies his expertise
to investigate human factors in transportation accidents, slips and falls, warnings consulting, as well as cases related to child safety.
Prior to joining Exponent, Dr. Hoyos completed his graduate training at Northwestern University,
where he received a Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology. While there, he examined how analogies and thinking about similarities promote learning in early childhood, in domains such as science, social development, and relational processing. He
was awarded the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship in support of his work investigating reasoning, explanation, and other cognitive capacities in early childhood.
Continuing Legal Education Credit
Credit has been approved with the MCLE Board of the Supreme Court of Illinois for 1.0 General CLE credit.
Our sincere thanks to Exponent for their sponsorship of this event!